village of Karlukovo
 
   
   
 

Speleology

The National Cave House houses an educational and training centre - the Balkan Centre of Speleology. There are about 1200 caves on the territory of Karlukovo region – more than anywhere in Bulgaria. 292 of them are registered and explored. Some caves are easily accessible, others require specific facilities and great experience.

Speleology is the scientific study of caves and other karst features, their make-up, structure, physical properties, history, life forms, and the processes by which they form (speleogenesis) and change over time (speleomorphology). The term speleology is also sometimes applied to the recreational activity of exploring caves, but this is more properly known as caving, spelunking or potholing. Speleology and caving are often connected, as the physical skills required for in situ study are the same.

Speleology is a cross-disciplinary field that combines the knowledge of chemistry, biology, geology, meteorology and cartography to develop portraits of caves as complex, evolving systems.  

 

 

 
 
Pictures from the gallery